Nair Ranjith » Publication
Published 2011-02-19 Published on SciPeople2011-03-31 08:17:49 JournalSolar Energy Materials & Solar Cells
High UV/visible light activity of mixed phase titania: A generic mechanism
Abstract Synergistic effect of the mixed phase in titania photocatalyst on its performance compared to the pristine phases has been investigated in terms of the bulk and interfacial behavior of the phases in contact. The experiments were conducted under both UV and visible light irradiations. The photo- activity variation has been correlated with the changes in the ratio of anatase to rutile phases (A/R ratio), and their unique response to UV and visible radiations. For this, a set of pure (rutile or anatase)and mixed phases (with varying A/R ratio) titania nanoparticles were synthesized. The physico-chemical characterization was done using SEM, XRD, EDAX, UV-DRS, PL and FTIR analyses. The activity of catalysts in UV and visible light was investigated by monitoring the degradation of phenol. The results show that the mixed phase catalysts show enhanced photoactivity compared to pristine phases across the irradiation wavelength range. Further, the catalysts having a narrow range of high A/R ratio (41) around 5.0 show high UV activity while those having low A/R ratio (o1) around 0.5 show high visible light activity. A mechanism is proposed based on the inﬂuence of interfacial phenomena under both UV and visible light irradiations. It explains the differences observed in the behavior of the catalyst irradiated with UV and visible light and also the high activity of mixed phase catalysts compared to the pristine phases across the wavelength ranges.