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Published 2013-05-13 Published on SciPeople2013-11-09 11:45:46 JournalPhysical Review E

Influence of polar groups in binary polymer blends on positronium formation
P Ramya, P Guagliardo, T Pasang, C Ranganathaiah, S Samarin and J F Williams / Ramya Gowda
Abstract The present work studied the role of the polar group unconjugated oxygen on the inhibition of positronium (Ps) formation in two binary blends made from a set of chosen constituent polymers with polar and weakly polar groups (nonpolar). The polymer blend samples of PVC-EVA and PVC-SAN were investigated by coincidence Doppler broadening and positron lifetime techniques. The strong polar acetate group in the EVA contributed to positron annihilation with electrons of unconjugated oxygen (–C+=O−) as revealed by the momentum distribution curves peaking around 17 PL (10−3m0c). The ortho-Ps intensity indicated the unconjugated oxygen shows about a 28% Ps reduction even in the presence of a strong Ps inhibiting halogen (Cl−). In contrast, this effect was not seen in the PVC-SAN blends since SAN contains a weakly polar (nonpolar) acrylonitrile group (C≡N). Our results indicate the chlorine of PVC in the blends is a major contributor to Ps inhibition through the formation of a (Cl−-e+) bound state but the unconjugated oxygen in EVA of the PVC-EVA blend also plays a similar, but lesser role.

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