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Published 2012-05-04 Published on SciPeople2013-11-09 13:17:19 JournalJournal of Applied Polymer Science

A New Insight Into Interface Widths In Binary Polymer Blends Based On Ortho-Positronium Lifetime Studies
P Ramya and C Ranganathaiah / Ramya Gowda
Abstract The interface widths in two immiscible polymer blend (PVC/PS) and PVC/EVA are determined experimentally using hydrodynamic interaction approach through free volume measurement by Positron Annihilation Lifetime Spectroscopy (PALS). For comparison, the same study is performed in a miscible blend (SAN/PMMA). The interfacial width (l) is evaluated from the hydrodynamic interaction (α) based on Kirkwood-Riseman theory and friction coefficient from Stokes equation. Friction at the interface of a binary blend evidences how close the surfaces of the polymer chains come or stay apart which in turn depends on the type of force/interaction at the interface. In this work, we define interface width from a different perspective of Flory-Huggins interaction approach. Measured composition dependent interface widths in the three blends studied clearly demonstrate the sensitivity of the present method. In miscible blend, high friction at the interface results in stronger hydrodynamic interaction and hence smaller interface widths (0.36 -1.97 Å) while weak or no interaction in immiscible blends produce wider widths (2.81-25.0 Å).

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